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ALIVELUMANGAMMA SAHITA BHARADWAJA MAHARAJ KALYANOTSAVAM

JAI SAI MASTER!!!
Dattatreya manifests himself from time to time as the different saints or enlightened teachers in all religions, but the most complete incarnations have been Sripada Srivallabha (14th century), Sri Nrisimha Saraswati (15th century), Sri Manikya Prabhu (17th century), Sri Akkalkot Swami and Shirdi Sai Baba (both of them belonging to the 19th century) and Sri Ekkirala Bharadwaja (20th century).
These sadgurus were the most complete avatars of Lord Dattatreya as they possessed the qualities of being avadhutas (liberated souls), they were all stotriyas and all of them preached religious harmony. While the first four incarnations have been celibate saints, the last, Sri Sai Master, has been a householder saint in the ken of Agasthya Maharshi, Vasishtha Maharshi, etc.
Attitudes and the mindset of the people can typically be divided into 4 categories, because of which the caste system arose. In our ancient texts man’s life was divided into four stages with different sets of laws to be followed for each stage keeping the goal of liberation always in mind. The four stages were: brahmacharya, grihasta, vanaprastha and sannyasa ashramas. Those who were particularly strong and determined intellectually, were unhindered by worldly ties and materialistic pursuits, were allowed to take up the sannyasa ashram directly after the brahmacharya phase. Such an ascetic pursued liberation alone, while in the grihasta ashrama the same goal was pursued along with a help-mate; thereby the wife became the saha-dharma-charini (comrade in life and an equal participant in performance of and in reaping fruits of good deeds). The code of laws or the dharma of the grihasta ashrama was equally rigorous.

In this modern age however, such an ideal householder’s life has fallen from its pristine state and is looked upon as an impediment to spiritual life. For most others, it is only the means of assuaging sexual desires legitimately. As Francis Bacon says succinctly, “He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune; for they are impediments to great enterprises, either by virtue or mischief.” Swami Vivekananda bemoaned the fact that people were playing down the householder’s life as a weak dispirited and burdened existence, which is completely reverse of what this ashrama was meant to be. It was the strongest ashrama and provided the rest of society – the brahmacharis, the aged and the ascetics with shelter and sustenance. Support in the society for any individual or enterprise was provided only by the householder as he was the only earning member in the social structure, which in return benefitted the grihasta couple with inner purity.
In this context Sri Sai Master’s life is unique, because the resurrection or the rejuvenation of the grihastha ashrama is evident even today in their lives. In the ideal grihasta ashrama the husband was trained and assigned the role of a guru and the wife was the disciple, she understood his aspirations and selflessly performed her duties just as the ideal disciple. The same was the case too with our beloved Sai Master and his wife Divyajanani Alivelu Mangatayaru.
Their life is exemplary of the ideal household with their residence being ever vibrant and dynamic. Everyone irrespective of caste and creed was invited and welcomed to their home especially during their hours of worship. Such was the love and warmth offered that there were not less than a score people on any given day during meal times. There was also a plateful of food kept outside the house for any stray animal to appease its hunger. Charity was their middle name. Any student who was in need of books or money for paying the college fees was immediately taken care of. Nobody who came there left their home empty handed. Either a person’s gastronomical hunger would be satiated or a solution to his problems would be suggested. Whatever be the case however, they would certainly be introduced to Sri Shirdi Sai Baba and his greatness in a manner that would be of far more value in dealing with travails big and small that would traverse their lives. Sai Master would often be called to different towns for discourses, lectures, foundation laying ceremonies of temples, pilgrimages with his devotees etc. which were unfailingly attended by him often at his own expenses. Two young children and an ailing wife did not make for a comfortable living even at the best of times. Yet, there was nigh a line of worry on their radiant faces, their faith in the Lord so firm that his grace shown bright through the many divine miracles which occurred every day in their lives.
Divyajanani Alivelu Mangamma assisted Sai Master in all the books that he wrote, proof-reading and even re-writing some portions where required. She never attempted to restrict his frequent trips out of town, inspite of her illness as she was completely aware that his was a cosmic mission for the welfare of all beings, so she never by thought, word or deed tired to tie him down. For his part he tried any and every form of medicine to relieve her of her illness. It was always with her consent that he left on his tours openly acknowledging her cooperation.
This divine couple’s two children were brought up with great love, patience and care. Giving and sharing were encouraged which was not difficult in such a large household. The children’s antics and pranks were joyously shared with all many times over just as the kids were encouraged to repeat their lessons to all for which they were and much rewarded with adulation. Because of the parents reverence, regularity and punctuality towards God and worship, the children naturally imbibed the same love for their chosen diety.
As can be perceived this couple led very ordinary lives. There was nothing spectacular or extraordinary in their seemingly mundane existence. The daily chores of cooking meals, housecleaning, preparing for worship, caring for children, nursing the ill, looking after house-guests, etc. were all acts which strengthened relationships and human bonds, enhanced togetherness, co-operation, discipline -qualities typical for carrying out these tasks. These activities were tangible and meaningful, brought joy to all and it was thus very fulfilling. It also subtlely played the cosmic drama on a smaller scale- that of birth and death, the cycles of growth and decay that we see everyday in the natural environment. It was very much in harmony with the dynamism displayed by the universe.
Through such a routine was brought out the oneness with all the beings in the universe and thus lead the householder couple on the path of inner purity. It was conducive for spiritual practice which is the ultimate goal of human birth. Nowadays however technological advancement has lead to disorder in our natural environment and depletion of our natural resources not to talk of the social decay that it has caused. The single-minded pursuit of objects of leisure only reveals the unfulfilling, unsatisfying lives that people are leading, the total alienation of people from each other inspite of cell phones and jet planes. The sole reason for this being the nature of our work, which is neither useful for society nor is it a part of the harmonious order of the ecosystem.
And thus to bring back the joy of family, the love that encloses all its members, the contentment that pervades the family and allows it to grow in the direction of spiritual practice did the great spiritual Master Acharya Sri Ekkirala Bharadwaja arrive.

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Posted by on February 28, 2012 in Divyajanani, Sri Sai Master

 

Acharya Ekkirala Bharadwaja : Biography Part 1

JAI SAI MASTER

The 20th century is marked as period of great upheaval in the history of India. Patriotism was at its peak and efforts to gain Independence from the British had unified and gathered momentum on all fronts- political, social and economic. Yet, at the very same time imperialism had left its mark on the Indian psyche. The post-Independence era was a time of chaos and confusion on the social and administrative structure. The British system of education had succeeded immensely in amputating the new generation from its roots. Pride in the nation with its rich cultural and intellectual heritage, the glory that had been hers because of the deep philosophy and spiritual attitude of its people had all but disappeared. Scientific and technological advancement had side-lined religion and spirituality, which were considered unfashionable and shameful. The few who believed and had faith did so in secrecy.

The appearance of Acharya Sri Ekkirala Bharadwaja at such a time in the Indian landscape can be seen as a spiritual renaissance, the resurrection of the ancient Indian philosophy of life, which had always bestowed on us spiritual advancement, peace and contentment and glory throughout the world. The task was monumental. It needed tremendous courage, grit, a powerful intellect, wit and skill, a task worthy of the manifestation of the Paramatma- Acharya Sri Ekkirala Bharadwaja.

Sri Ekkirala Bharadwaja was born on the 30th of October in the year 1938 in Bapatla,  a sleepy coastal town of  Andhra Pradesh. He was the last of the four sons born to the devout Vaishnavite couple Sri Ekkirala Anantacharya and Smt. Buchimamba. At that point of time Sri Anantacharya was deeply absorbed in studying and interpreting the Vedas and substantiating them with modern scientific concepts. In our ancient scriptures Sage Bharadwaja the vedic seer, is said to have had an insatiable thirst for learning the Vedas. He is also credited with being the father of modern medicine and science, hence the name was fittingly chosen for the new born by his father.

Little ‘Dwaju’ as he was lovingly called, was an adorable and chubby child with a head full of curls. Unfortunately, fate intervened and he lost his mother at the tender age of two to a prolonged illness.  Sri Anantacharya bore this tragedy with courage and fortitude. As Sri Bharadwaja mentions in his book Pariprasna, “…….. he became mother, father, doctor and teacher to raise us”. Sri Anantacharya was a multi-faceted personality- an erudite scholar of international acclaim, renowned in the scriptures and other philosophical treatises, an ayurvedic medical practitioner, freedom fighter and an accomplished wrestler. His eminence though was almost overshadowed by his humility and his keen sense of service to society. Born to such an illustrious father, the progeny were bound to make their mark on the world which they surely did.

Even as a young child Sri Bharadwaja exhibited tremendous courage both physical and mental. He had an inquisitive attitude, a questioning mind, strong determination and phenomenal powers of concentration. Sri Anantacharya was careful to minimize outside influences on his children and so they were home-schooled under his adept tutelage. Young Bharadwaja took his matriculation exam directly at the age of 12 years at Varanasi. By the time he had attained 19 years, he was a post-graduate in English and teaching at the Sarma Degree College in Ongole, a town in Andhra Pradesh. Once, with the objective of confirming to himself that he could complete any job that he set for himself, however difficult, Sri Bharadwaja took up his brother Sri Veda Vyasa’s challenge to clear the UPSC examinations. Unsurprisingly, he got through with a mere 3 months preparation, which for most people takes at least an year of tough preparation. However, he gave up the resulting prestigious and luxurious career as it was against his personal goals. It was his firm belief that the evanescent period of youth was precious and was not to be frittered away in schools and colleges in the pursuit of aimless scholastic knowledge without developing the spirit of inquiry and analysis which is the basis of education. Instead, right ideals, the correct approach to knowing, respecting and cultivating our culture and tradition should be imparted. As a lecturer, Sri Bharadwaja would often incorporate life’s values and its guiding principles while explaining the subject which was of far more practical use later in their lives. Almost all his time after college hours was spent in discussing their needs and wants out of life, the spiritual basis of the human life, its correlation to ancient wisdom and modern day science, for which the students gathered in increasing numbers and heard with rapt attention and awe.  Several of them were so inspired that they even practiced spiritual discipline under the able guidance of Sri Bharadwaja.

After Sri Bharadwaja’s stint as a Lecturer at the college of Ongole, he taught for a short while at the Viveka Vardhini evening college in Hyderabad and then moved to Bapatla College. Here too he resigned after a brief period and stayed at the ashram of the Mother of Jillelamudi for an year. Later, he moved to the Vidyanagar College at Vidyanagar. We can only assume that each move to a new place was probably to spread the concept of human values to a wider student audience.

The origin for Sri Bharadwaja’s theistic outlook of life however had its beginning many years before. Endowed with an inquisitive mind, sharp intellect, keen observation and logical deduction, steadfast determination and a highly developed sense of integrity, truthfulness and wit, his dynamic spirit urged him on the quest for the ultimate truth, the meaning of life and death, which was instigated by the sudden demise of his beloved nephew at the very moment of Sri Bharadwaja’s Brahmopadesam during the sacred thread ceremony. The quest gained impetus after he came across a book by name The Way of Zen and culminated finally at the sight of Sri Sai Baba’s majestic idol at the Samadhi Mandir in Shirdi when on a chance trip in the year 1963 as a companion to his elder brother Sri Veda Vyas.

This experience is best explained in Sri Bharadwaja’s own words, “What does his face, especially his look and smile, indicate of his attitude? Was he elated that so many visited him to pay their homage, adore and worship him? Or was he overwhelmed with compassion for them? Or, in that mood, was he oblivious of his separate existence, his gaze fixed on the divine mystery, the one omnipresent spirit? Or was it a look of recognition of that ancient spirit, of his contacts with those teeming crowds that had contacted him through their countless previous lives? And, was that smile of reunion pregnant with his joy of their future possibility of reaching the spiritual summit? Or was he just oblivious of all this, lost in his ceaseless contemplation of the one spirit, in his at-one-ment? And is the mysterious Monolisa-smile a manifestation of that peace which passeth understanding? Or is there a possibility that at a higher level of consciousness all these attitudes could coexist without the one interrupting the other?”

This last thought flashed with a particular intensity and my spirit leapt forth to comprehend how, in that state, he was viewing all this existence: “Is the universe of myriad forms an image projected in his consciousness? And am I, then, too, a thought in his Mind and are all these my thoughts parts of it?” The intuition took off and wafted my being into far-off states. I knew of nothing else. My being was still, taut with a particular illumination and my thoughts were both existent and non-existent. I am aware how absurd these words must look to anyone. But what else can they be when I verbalize what cannot be conveyed?”

After this life-changing experience of Samadhi in Shirdi on February 9, he began to travel extensively, both to gather as much information as possible about this marvelous saint Sri Sai Baba and also to contact mahatmas in various places in the hope of finding such a powerful saint as Shirdi Sai Baba so as to dedicate his entire life to his service. He spent 12 long years in investigating into the life and times of Sri Sai Baba of Shirdi, met many devotees in different towns and cities who had been his contemporaries and had benefitted by his presence and blessings, and were still fortunately alive to share their memories, reminiscences and divine miracles of this mahatma. Sri Bharadwaja personally met many of the devotees of Baba like Sri Marthand Mahalsapathi, Sri Booty, etc. and carefully noted down their experiences. Thereafter, he validated their narratives by re-visiting them after a short gap to capture any afterthoughts and impressions as also to ascertain their authenticity. At the end of this consistent, arduous, labour of love he brought out the book named, Sri Sai Leelamrutham in Telugu, Sri Bharadwaja’s native language and subsequently rewrote it in English as Sai Baba the Master in which Sri Sai’s biography and divine miracles are explained in the context of a unique spiritual Master appropriate to this age. Every word and every phrase of these books is profound in depth and meaning. Now translated into several languages this book serves as the single most sacred book in many homes in India and abroad.

Meanwhile Sri Bharadwaja also contacted many saints throughout the length and breadth of the country, Sri Ma Anandmayee, Sri Swami Purnananda of Srisailam, Sri Rakhadi Baba of Ganeshpuri, Sri Samartha Narayan Maharaj of Harihar, the Saint of Poondi, etc. to name a few. Characteristically, every saint gave him a special reception, however, Sri Bharadwaja’s humbleness and his devotion to his chosen Guru is personified in the following statement where he states that, “…….I could win their (saints’) gracious attention only after specifically praying to Baba for the same.” Due to which, “……my faith in Baba, if anything grew deeper and has been constant all through.” Most of these meetings and his experiences with different saints were published as a series of books under the title, The Saints that I have Visited.

Sri Bharadwaja mentions that apart from directing his spiritual life, Sai Baba “…….has been actively guiding me in my material life also”, which is apparent in the issue of his marriage. Having mentally and physically trained himself to a life of celibacy, Sri Bharadwaja was completely opposed to marriage and even considered it an obstacle to his life’s goal. Chirala Swami, the Swami of Chintapalli forests and finally Baba himself steered him into accepting holy matrimony which in retrospect turned out to be a boon for mankind. Accordingly, Sri Bharadwaja entered wedlock on March 6, 1975 with Alivelu mangatayaru garu who herself was a disciple in the service of the Holy Mother of Jillelamudi. A few short years later they were blessed with a daughter and a son.

To be continued…..

JAI SAI MASTER

 

 
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Posted by on January 29, 2012 in Sri Sai Master

 

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